About BacterioPhage

Bacteriophages information;

A different approach to fighting bacteria

Phage therap (PT) is aldo called bacteriophage therapy. It uses viruses to treat bacterial infections. Bacterial virus

are called phages or bacteriophages. They only attack bacteria; phages are harmless to people, animals and plants. Bacteriophages are the natural enemies of bacteria. The word bacteriophage means "bacteria eater." They are found in soil, sewage, water and other places bacteria live. These viruses help keep bacteria growht in check in nature.

Phage therapy might sound new, but it has been used for 100 years. However, the treatment is not well known. More research is needed on bacteriophages. This therapy for disease-causing bacteria may be a useful alternative to antibiotics.

How phage therapy works

Bacteriophage kill bacteria by making them burst or lyse. This happens when the virus binds to the bacteria. A virus

infects the bacteria by injecting its genes (DNA or RNA). The phage virus itself (reproduces) inside the bacteria. This can make up to 1000 new viruses in each bacterium. Finally, the virus breaks open the bacteria, releasing the new bacteriophages. Bacteriophages can only multiply and grow inside a bacterium. Once all the bacteria are lysed (dead), they will stop multiplying. Like other viruses, phages can lay dormant (in hibernation) until more bacteria show up.

Phage therapy vs. antibiotics

Antibiotics are also called anti-bacterials. They are te most common type of treatment for bacterial in your body.

Antibiotics are chemicals or drugs that destroy bacteria in your body. Antibiotics save lives and prevent disease from spreading. However, they can cause two main problem:


1. Antibiotics attack more than one kind of bacteria

This means they can kill both bad and good bacteria in your body. Your body needs certain kinds of bacteria to help you digest food, make some nutrients and keep you healthy. Good bacteria also help stop other bacterial, viral and fungal infections from growing in your body. This is why antibiotics can caudr side effects like:

- upset stomach

- nausea and vomiting

- cramping

- bloating and gassiness

- diarrhea

- yeast infecion

2.This means that instead of stopping, some bacteria become resistant or immune to antibiotic treatment. Resistance happens when bacteria evolve or change to become stronger than antibiotics. They can even spread this  

"superpower" to other bacteria. This may trigger dangerous infections that cannot be treated. Untreatable bacteria can be deadly. Use antibiotics correctly to help prevent resistant bacteria. 

For example:

- Only use antibiotics for bacterial infections. Antibiotics will not treat viral infections like colds, flus and

   bronchitis.

- Do not us antibiotics if you do not need them.

- Do not pressure your doctor to prescribe antibiotics for you or your child.

- Take all antibiotics exactly as prescribed.

- Complete the full dosage of antibiotics, even if you feel better.

- Do not take expired antibiotics.

- Throw away expired or unused antibiotics.

Phage therapy benefits

The benefits of phage therapy address the shortcomings of antibiotics. Just as there are many kinds of bacteria, there are several types of bacterinphages, but each kind of phage will only attack a certain bacterium. It will not infect other kinds of bacteria. This means that a phage can be used to directly target disease-causing bacteria. For example, a strep bacteriophage will only kill bacteria that cause strep throat infections. 

A 2011 research review listed some pros of bacteriophage:

- Phages work against both treatable and antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

- They may be used alone or with antibiotics and other drugs.

- Phages multiply and increase in nuber by themselves during treatment (only one dose may be needed).

- They only slightly disturb normal "good" bacteria in het body.

- Phages are natural and easey to find.

- They are not harmful (toxic) to the body.

- They are not toxic to animals, plant and the environment.

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